[8] The 2016 Community Survey, and intercensal survey carried out by Statistics South Africa, reintroduced the religion question, and the results were reported in the pie chart. The indigenous religious beliefs and practices of African people include various traditional religions. Coloured and white South Africans each account for roughly 300,000. Haut de la page . The people follow many spiritual traditions and religious faiths. South Africa is a secular state with a diverse religious population. South Africa is called the rainbow nation because of its variety of people, cultures and religions. The first Hindu temples were in operation in the 1870s. The Chinese immigrants introduced Buddhism in South Africa. However, other religions are protected by the constitution. The majority are descended from Irish and Italian immigrants. The first symbols of Christianity in southern Africa were in the form of crosses planted along the coast by early Portuguese seafarers. Classement selon le TMM5 . Ethiopia was the first countryto adopt Christianity as a doctrine. The Calvinist Afrikaans is not so into the religion, and their population is almost insignificant. Today the church embraces the teachings embedded in the life and resurrection of Christ and 3.8% of the population in the country subscribe to this religion. Almost 80% of South African population adheres to the Christian faith. Some religions are based in ethnic and regional areas of South Africa's population. In 1996, there were approximately 3.3 million Catholics in South Africa making up 6% of the total South African population. The European settlers believed that Africans did not have the true religion and so the implementation to extinct the traditional belief system. Population: Approximately 100 million, or 10 percent of Africa’s population. However, Jewish settlers only began to arrive in numbers from the 1820s. The 2016 General Household Survey measured a … Indicateurs de Base. In the infant years, the church ran by the doctrines of the Christian Catholic Church based on Zion, Illinois. The Catholic Church in South Africa is part of the universal Catholic Church composed of the Roman Rite and 22 Eastern Rites, of which the South African church is under the spiritual leadership of the Southern African Catholic Bishops Conference and the pope based in Vatican City. Today the church, as opposed to the mainstream European churches, combines the aspects of African traditions with the values of Christianity. The Indians who worked as laborers in the settlements introduced Hinduism and now forms 1.2% of the total population in the country. The members were exiled and together during the Great Trek of Afrikaner-Boer, the church developed. No single denomination predominates, with mainstream Protestant churches, Pentecostal churches, African initiated churches, and the Catholic Church all having significant numbers of adherents. Today, the continent's various populations and individuals are mostly adherents of Christianity, Islam, and to a lesser extent several traditional African religions. Religions in Africa: Muslim population, concentration in countries & percentage . Previously, religious marriage officers could only be legally designated as such "for the purpose of solemnising marriages according to Christian, Jewish or Mohammedan rites or the rites of any Indian religion" in accordance with the Marriage Act. It estimates populations and percentages of adherents of 100 religious denominations including second level subdivision within Christianity and Islam. Religious Demography", "P.W. Despite the wide-ranging spectrum of South Africa's religions, 80 percent of all South Africans consider themselves Christian. Le Gauteng est la région la plus peuplée suivie par le KwaZulu-Natal4. The church's headquarters are at Zion City Moria in Limpopo Province, South Africa (Northern Transvaal). In 1956, after members of various tribes in South Africa became Baháʼís, a regional Baháʼí Assembly which included South Africa was elected. [2] The Baháʼí community decided to limit membership in its national assembly to black adherents when a mixed-race assembly was prohibited under Apartheid. The Total Fertility Rates for the two fastest-growing religious groups in sub-Saharan Africa – Muslims and adherents of folk religions – are higher than the rates for Christians and the unaffiliated. Religion in Africa is multifaceted and has been a major influence on art, culture and philosophy. The San community maintains the African Traditional Religion up to today. Hindus comprised about 0.9% of the population of South Africa; however 3.3… [21] Many came from Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, and Bihar, and some from other states of India. Currently, there are 3.8 million Catholics. In the apartheid regime where traditional beliefs were mocked and rejected, the system faced repulsion from the colonial government and regarded as a sect. A Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of 2.1 represents the Replacement-Level Fertility: the average number of children per woman needed for each generation to exactly replace itself without needing international immigration.A value below 2.1 will cause the native population to decline Rorty, rights and religion: The contribution of South African religions to a shared value system Ronald Nicolson INTRODUCTION The need for shared values It must be obvious to us all that if there is to be hope and stability in South Africa, a common set of values will need to be widely accepted. [17] Most white Catholics are English speaking. The popularity of the belief system is due to its liberated reforms that entertain ordination of women and surprisingly, homosexuality as compared to most evangelical counterparts. Islam, though a minor religion, was introduced by the Dutch settlers’ Cape Malay slaves and constitutes 1.5% of the total population in the country. The first Muslim believers were slaves, political prisoners, and exiles from Africa and Asia in the post-apartheid era. In comparison, very few Muslims live in South Africa, where Christianity and other traditional religions have a larger following. Restrictions on Religion. Religion … [28] South Africa's Jewish community differs from its counterparts in other African countries in that the majority have remained on the continent rather than emigrating to Israel (62% of the maximum 120,000 still remain). Early Hindu settlements in South Africa suffered discrimination, abuse and persecution. In the infant years, the church ran by the doctrines of the Christian Catholic Church based on Zion, Illinois. The history of Protestantism in South Africa dates back to the initial European settlement on the Cape of Good Hope in 1652. Added to this are a considerable number of Muslims from India and Pakistan that have arrived as economic migrants. The system is independent and indigenous taking a 23.7% of the black community and constitutes 11.1% of the whole population of the country. This is down from the 1.4% based on the 1996 census. Zion Christian Faith. R Huttenback (1976), Racism and Empire: White Settlers and Colored Immigrants in the British Self-Governing Colonies 1830-1910, Cornell University Press, Michelangelo van Meerten, in History of Humanity: Scientific and Cultural Development, Editors: Peter Mathias and Nikolaj Tolorov, Volume 6, Originally published by. Based in Elkhart, Indiana. The Church of England came to South Africa in the early 17th century. South Africa Religion, Economy and Politics In terms of religions across the population, 81.2% of South Africans identify with a Christian based faith, 3.7% identify with other faiths, and 15% are not affiliated with any faith in particular. It is also believed that Sheikh Yusuf of Macassar was the first person to introduce the Quran in South Africa. According to Stats SA’s Community Survey 2016, the distribution of religious beliefs in South Africa is as follows: Christianity – 43 423 717 Islam – 892 685 Traditional African religion – 2 454 887 Hinduism – 561 268 Buddhism – 24 808 Bahaism – 6 881 Judaism – 49 470 Atheism – 52 598 Agnosticism – 32 944 No religious affiliation/belief – 5 964 892 Other – 1 482 210 Do not know – 704 358 Source: Official Guide to South Africa A minority of South African population does not belong to any of the major religions, but regard themselves as traditionalists or of no specific religious affiliation. The belief was introduced in the early 1916 under the guidance of Engenas Lekganyane, a once evangelical student of the Anglican system. The Baháʼí Faith was introduced to South Africa in 1911. Taux de mortalité des moins de 5 ans, 2012 Want to know the number and percentage of religions in Sub-Saharan Africa. In the apartheid regime where traditional beliefs were mocked and rejected, thChristianity is the primary belief system in South Africa, with Protestantism being the largest denomination. Secularism and atheism > Population considering religion important : Percentage of population surveyed in a Gallup Poll who answered the question “Is religion important in your daily life?” with “yes”. Later each of the constituent countries successively formed their own independent Baháʼí National Spiritual Assembly. Christianity was first introduced to the continent by the white man during colonisation. [18] Although, the majority of South African Muslims are Sunni, smaller numbers are Ahmadi, particularly in Cape Town.[19]. The new Constitution did not result in immediate reform of discriminatory legislation infringing on the right to religious freedom. In conclusion, the multi-colored nation of South Africa is said to support Christianity as the primary belief system. Types Of Crimes By Number Of Offenses In The US. These innocent victims are vulnerable to a double degree: as women and as older persons. Non-Christian entities in the country include Islam, Hinduism, Judaism, and Buddhism. [33] In 2007 the South African Law Reform Commission received submissions from the South African Pagan Rights Alliance and the Traditional Healers Organisation requesting the investigation of the constitutionality of the act and on 23 March 2010 the Minister of Justice and Constitutional Development approved a South African Law Reform Commission project to review witchcraft legislation.[34][35]. While the 2011 South African census did not include a question of religious affiliation, the majority of South Africans (84.2%) identified as Christian in a 2013 General Household Survey. The system is independent and indigenous taking a 23.7% of the black community and constitutes 11.1% of the whole population of the country. South African Statistics on Religion – The Numbers ... published by Statistics South Africa for 2015. It is not so obvious where these shared values are to come from. Even though the country prides itself on being a multi-dominion country, 15% of the population do not identify themselves with any religion, the second largest group after the Protestant Christians. [3], The socially marginalized African Traditional Religion adherents have become more publicly visible and organised in a democratic post-apartheid South Africa and today number over 6 million, or approximately 15 percent of the population.[4]. [20] This is the largest concentration of Hindus in Africa after Mauritius. With the growing force of colonialism, the religion dominated as more British settled in the Cape Town. [5][6][7] The Census 2011 form did not include any questions about religion due to low priority. [29], Post-apartheid South Africa's Constitution guarantees the right to freedom of religion, belief and opinion among other freedoms. C. Jeannerat, D. Péclard & E. Morier-Genoud, This page was last edited on 9 December 2020, at 09:11. Since its introduction in 1652 by the settlers, the system has gained popularity and has a majority following. Majoritairement urbaine avec un taux de 64,8 % en 2015, la population est inégalement répartie : la plupart des habitants résident à l'est du pays. Other major religious groups are Hindus, Muslims and Jews. South Africa Compare South Africa » Overview; Demographics; Religious Restrictions; Religion News; Religious Demography: Affiliation. Factbook > Countries > South Africa > Demographics Religions: Christian 86%, ancestral, tribal, animist, or other traditional African religions 5.4%, … The Census 2001 provided the most recent national statistics for religious denominations. 57. Religion in South Africa is dominated by various branches of Christianity. Recent figures estimate the number as between 75,000 and 100,000. South African Plants – What Kind of Plants Live in South Africa? L'aridité explique en partie les faibles densités du Nord-Ouest. The church was begun in Rustenburg after church members refused to sing hymns from a hymn book that they considered blasphemous. Judaism came about when the Jewish astronomers and cartographers came to South Africa. [3], The history of the Jews in South Africa mainly began under the British Empire, following a general pattern of increased European settlement in the 19th century. The first phase brought the earliest Muslims as part of the involuntary migration of slaves, political prisoners and political exiles from Africa and Asia (mainly from the Indonesian archipelago) that lasted from about 1652 to the mid-1800s. About 3% do not identify with any religion, and a similar percentage are followers of folk or traditional religions – including African traditional religions. In accordance with section 5 of the Civil Union Act, any religious organisation may apply to the Department of Home Affairs for designation as a religious organisation and when designated as such must formally nominate suitable candidates from within their organisation to be designated by the Department of Home Affairs as religious marriage officers for the purpose of solemnising marriages according to the rites of that religious organisation. [26], The Baháʼí Faith in South Africa began with the holding of Baháʼí meetings in the country in 1911. Most white Catholics who are English Speaking are the descendants of the Irish immigrants. The third phase, following the end of Apartheid, has been marked by the wave of African Muslims that have arrived on the shores and borders of South Africa. The early patterns of Jewish South African history are almost identical to the history of the Jews in the United States but on a much smaller scale, including the period of early discovery and settlement from the late 17th century to the early 19th century. The target population of the survey consists of all private households in all nine provinces of South Africa and residents in workers’ hostels. Kumar (2012), Hinduism in South Africa, in Elias Kifon Bongmba (Editor) - The Wiley Blackwell Companion to African Religions, Southern African Catholic Bishops Conference, Commission for the Promotion and Protection of the Rights of Cultural, Religious and Linguistic Communities, "History of the Baháʼí Faith in South Africa", "QuickLists: Most Baha'i (sic) Nations (2010)", "Table: Census 2001 by province, gender, religion recode (derived) and population group", "Census 2011 Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)", "Believers in Christ from a Muslim Background: A Global Census", http://ir.lib.uwo.ca/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1107&context=totem, "South Africa - Section I. The proportion of Catholics among the predominantly Calvinist white Afrikaans speakers, or South African Asians who are mainly Hindus of Indian descent, is extremely small. The median age across the population is approximately 27.1 years of age. They include the Protestants, Roman Catholics, Anglicans, Independent and non-affiliated Christians. Asia is considered the Islamic continent because it has a majority of Muslims. The belief is more common among the whites and colored South Africans, taking a total of 86%. During the introduction of Christianity at the onset of colonialism and more notably in the apartheid era, there was a mass execution of the Traditional African Religion. Judaism in South Africa came about some time before the discovery of the Cape of Good Hope, by the participation of Jewish astronomers and cartographers in the Portuguese discovery of the sea-route to India. Below are the most notable Christian belief systems; Protestantism is the primary belief system in South Africa with 36% of the total population. More than six-in-ten people in the region are Christians (63%), and three-in-ten are Muslims (30%). [22][23] Hindu Indians were among the people who were referred to as coolies,[24] racially segregated, and their discrimination continued through the Apartheid era until 1994. [12], According to the World Values Survey, between 1981 and 2001, South Africa was one of only three societies to see an increase in religious participation, and it was the leader among these, with churchgoing increasing by 13% in that period, from 43% of people surveyed to 57% being churchgoers. A 2012 Win-Gallup International Religiosity and Atheism poll indicated that the number of South Africans who consider themselves religious decreased from 83% of the population in 2005 to 64% of the population in 2012. Christianity is the primary belief system in South Africa, with Protestantism being the largest denomination. In 2005 Baháʼís were estimated at about 240,100 adherents. The Christian holidays of Christmas Day and Good Friday remained in post-apartheid South Africa's calendar of public holidays. South Africa. The CRL Rights Commission held countrywide consultative public hearings in June and July 2012 to assess the need for a review of public holidays following the receipt of complaints from minority groups about unfair discrimination. List of religious populations in Sub-Saharan Africa Religion in South Africa (2016 Community Survey)[1]. Many others are Portuguese settlers who left Angola and Mozambique after they became independent in the 1970s, or their children. In South Africa the constitution protects freedom of religion. Below are the most notable Christian belief systems; Protestantism is the primary belief system in South Africa with 36% of the total population. After the eradication of apartheid system, religion, freedom, and protection in the country facilitated the growth of different religions. Africa is traditionally concerned the Muslim continent though the rapid rise of Christianity and active missionary work has led to followers of each of the two great Abrahamic religions today claiming higher number of adherents. The largest Protestant denomination in the country is Pentecostalism, followed by Methodism, Dutch Reformed and Anglicanism. The Zion Christian Church (or ZCC) is the largest African initiated church in Southern Africa. In Nigeria Muslims have been slaughtering Christians in broad daylight yet we are one people united by a common ancestry. During apartheid, a number of Jews were prominent in the Anti-Apartheid Movement, while others were instrumental in promoting the extension of diplomatic military ties between Israel and the country's white government. Source: Global Restrictions on Religion studies. Basically, Islam dominates the North and East of the continent, while Christianity dominates the South and West, whith other native and folk religions being scattered throughout. With the establishment of a trading post at the Cape of Good Hope by the Dutch in 1652, Christianity obtained a permanent foothold and gained converts among the indigenous population. The Civil Union Act, which came into effect on 30 November 2006, legalised same-sex marriage and also allowed for the legal designation of religious marriage officers without any religious restriction in accordance with the Constitution. All Christians are listed in one category regardless of their denominations. Today the church, as opposed to the mainstream European churches, combines the aspects of African traditions with the values of Christianity. Everyone is free to follow whatever faith they want to, or not to follow one at all. Importantly, there is significant and sustained syncretism with African Traditional Religion among most of the self-professed Christians in South Africa. Of the total national population of 44.8 million, 35.8 millio… Importantly, there is significant and sustained syncretism with African Traditional Religionamong most of the self-professed Christians in South Africa. The Dutch and the British introduced Christianity during the apartheid era. The vast majority of current Hindus in South African provinces are descendants of indentured laborers brought in by the British colonial government, from 1860 to 1919, to work in plantations and the mining operations owned by European settlers. The Roman Catholic Church is the main Catholicism in South Africa and 7.1 of the population in the country are followers of this religion.The belief system is common among the Zulu, Xhosa, and Sotho. La loi garantit-elle la liberté religieuse? The General Household Survey (GHS), conducted in 2013 by Statistics South Africa (StatsSA), gave, for the first time since Various legislative reforms have taken place or have been initiated since 1994 as a result of lobbying by disenfranchised groups. Hinduism is found in various provinces of South Africa, but primarily in KwaZulu-Natal. The belief is more common among the whites and colored South Africans, taking a total of 86%. Islam in South Africa is a minority religion, practiced by less than 1.5% of the total population, according to estimates[by whom?]. No single denomination predominates, with mainstream Protestant churches, Pentecostal churches, African initiated churches, and the Catholic Church all having significant numbers of adherents. [7] (More recent official statistics are unavailable, since the last South African Census – 2011 – did not ask any questions about religious affiliation.). As of 2010, there were 822,720,000 people of all ages living in sub-Saharan Africa. According to the 1996 South African Census, the church numbered 3.87 million members. P.P. Religions > All: This entry includes a rank ordering of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. [16] 2.7 million are of various black African ethnic groups, such as Zulu, Xhosa, and Sotho. Major Religions In South Africa Protestant Christian. The Dutch and the British introduced Christianity during the apartheid era. 3. Describes their work in Botswana, Burkina Faso, Democratic Republic of Congo (former Zaire), Lesotho, Senegal, South Africa.Has full text articles from their journal, Messenger. Islam was introduced by the Cape Malay slaves of the Dutch settlers, Hinduism was introduced by the indentured labourers imported from the Indian subcontinent, and Buddhism was introduced by both Indian and Chinese immigrants. 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