Trisodium phosphate in food is deemed problematic by many health experts because of the potential health risks it can cause. This is because phosphates in food are hard for struggling kidneys to deal with—they can’t remove them. After sodium and fat content, a new study suggests adding phosphates to the list of unhealthy ingredients to look out for on nutritional labels, after making a … 10 Ways to Control Blood Sugar without Medication. There could be sodium phosphate in your drink and pyrophosphate in your cheese. Potassium phosphate is primarily used as a food additive to extend the shelf life of processed foods and found in some supplements, but is it totally safe? Is Sodium Acid Pyrophosphate Dangerous? However, if you're otherwise healthy, breathe easy — the FDA has classified it as generally recognized as safe. “Sodium Phosphate,” Med-Health.net web site; http://www.med-health.net/Sodium-Phosphate.html, last accessed Nov. 5, 2013. If the sodium content is more than 120 mg for a 4-ounce portion, you know it’s been enhanced with something — potentially a phosphate salt. The amount of phosphorus in foods remains a hidden commodity. TSP is a food thickener. Sodium phosphates have been well studied and are generally considered safe when used as a food additive. However, these vegetables do not seem to pose the same health risks as the nitrites in food sources like processed meats. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. Very high levels of phosphorus can even be life-threatening. For example, a food product with added oil may contain an emulsifier to stop the oil from separating from the main food. According to the National Center for Biotechnology Information, food manufacturers use TSP as a food additive for a number of reasons, including: 2. “Hidden Phosphorus Food Additives Dangerous to Kidney Disease Patients,” Science Daily web site, Feb. 20, 2009; http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/02/090210161912.htm, last accessed Nov. 6, 2013. Since meats are restricted in a CKD diet, egg whites can be a good low-phosphorus source of protein. Phosphates in food are used as texturizers to change the look or feel of a food and to increase the shelf life of a food. However, this isn't likely to happen from the small amount of phosphate that comes from additives like sodium phosphate, according to the Center for Science in the Public Interest. Phosphorus additives in food and their effect in dialysis patients. Sodium erythorbate has antioxidant properties that are more potent than ascorbic acid. It has been associated with side effects such as diarrhea, but its consumption might also expose you to other hazards such as organ damage. Phosphates are frequently added to unhealthy highly processed foods, including fast foods. Is Sodium Nitrate Bad for You? These materials are prepared by combining alumina, phosphoric acid, and sodium hydroxide.. The only phosphate additive which organic farmers are allowed to add to other foodstuffs is calcium phosphate (E341). Share on Pinterest. Cured meats and cold cuts, some of which may contain sodium phosphate, are among the top 10 sources of sodium in the American diet. If you have high blood pressure, you may also want to limit the amount of foods you eat containing sodium phosphate. Ingested, sodium erythorbate is converted into vitamin C and, unless you are specifically allergic to it, there are no real negative effects from ingestion. In the rare chance that you are allergic to sodium erythorbate, you may experience headaches, dizziness, fatigue, body flushing, and hemolysis. While aluminum does lurk in some foods, don't expect to chew into a piece of metal. People should avoid eating meats which typically contain more easily absorbed phosphorus than found in plants. Certain types of vegetables also contain sodium nitrate, which can be converted to sodium nitrite in small amounts. Getting too much phosphate from your diet could cause an imbalance between phosphorus and calcium in your body, increasing your risk for osteoporosis. For example, sodium phosphates are often used as emulsifiers (as in processed cheese), thickening agents, and leavening agents for baked goods. Even though preservatives have a bad reputation, sodium acid pyrophosphate isn't necessarily bad for you, and it has even been approved by the FDA for general use. This shouldn't be an issue, however, unless you eat a very large amount of foods containing sodium phosphate or other phosphate additives. “Sodium Phosphate,” Med-Health.net web site; http://www.med-health.net/Sodium-Phosphate.html, last accessed Nov. 5, 2013. Sodium phosphate is an additive that intensifies flavors, keeps meats moist and prevents crystals from forming in canned tuna. One study found that sodium phosphate, when used as a food additive, can impact health differently than naturally occurring phosphate. “Hidden Phosphorus Food Additives Dangerous to Kidney Disease Patients,” Science Daily web site, Feb. 20, 2009; http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/02/090210161912.htm, last accessed Nov. 6, 2013. Adding phosphorus additives may be pushing the body past its ability to deal with the mineral. Sodium nitrite in food is especially prevalent in processed meats. Chicken and Turkey. These 12 food additives are widely used to enhance the appearance, flavor or shelf life of foods. The development of heart disease and bone disease are two dangers. When high levels of phosphates collect in the blood, the results can be serious. Phosphates are also used as an emulsifier to mix two foods together that would otherwise not mix. Sodium phosphate is an additive that intensifies flavors, keeps meats moist and prevents crystals from forming in canned tuna. Trisodium phosphate Na 3 PO 4 (trisodium orthophosphate or trisodium monophosphate or food additive E 339ii) is presently used in the USA to kill or reduce the number of bacteria, such as salmonella or campylobacter on poultry 1). How much phosphate are we talking about here? But the trick is not to get too much of the mineral. Foods High in Sodium Nitrite. This additive is a source of sodium, and high sodium consumption increases your risk for high blood pressure and heart disease. Uses. Center for Science in the Public Interest: Chemical Cuisine, Deutsches Arzteblatt International: Phosphate Additives in Food—a Health Risk, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Sodium: The Facts. Is Trisodium Phosphate Bad For You? This somewhat sweet-tasting chemical is used in the production of polymers, anti … If you are 65 or older, use this medicine (sodium phosphates tablets) with care. It can also have a laxative effect, which can cause you to absorb less of other nutrients. Home » Food and Nutrition » The Harmful Food Additive You Must Watch Out for! People with kidney problems may want to avoid foods containing phosphates, including sodium phosphate, according to the article in "Deutsches Ärzteblatt International." | Livestrong.com Food-grade sodium phosphate is recognized by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as safe for consumption. In the United States, you can purchase sodium phosphate enemas over the counter. Disclaimer: Results are not guaranteed*** and may vary from person to person***. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan on getting pregnant. Most refined oils, fruits, vegetables, and refined grains are low in phosphorus. Sodium phosphates have many applications in food and for water treatment. 4H 2 O and Na 3 H 15 Al 2 (PO 4) 8. Phosphates are among the most common food additives, found in more than 20,000 products in EWG’s Food Scores database. In food processing, sodium erythorbate is used to keep a wide variety of foods fresh -- from meats to canned fruits and vegetables, as well as wines, jams and soft drinks. Phosphates, usually labelled under the generic term sodium phosphate, are added to food for a variety of reasons. While consuming small amounts of sodium phosphate is likely safe, eating too much sodium phosphate can lead to unhealthy levels of phosphorus in the body. “Sodium Phosphate,” MedlinePlus web site; http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/meds/a609019.html, last accessed Nov. 5, 2013. But the Environmental Working Group lists sodium phosphate (a common type used in over 6,000 food products) as a “moderate concern” in foods, and … After three months, those who were taught to avoid foods with phosphates experienced a drop in the mineral that was two-and-a-half times that of the control group. The amounts of aluminum found in food are typically minimal and safe. This is especially true if you have kidney problems. Sodium phosphate is classified by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration as generally regarded as safe, or GRAS. There’s nothing necessarily wrong with phosphate as it is an essential nutrient. They suggest you stay away from soda and look for the word “phosphate” on ingredient labels. The researchers made these conclusions: there’s already an abundance of phosphorus that occurs naturally in food. https://www.healthline.com/health/is-disodium-phosphate-bad-for-you No phosphates in foods are “good” for you. They’re commonly added to food and may serve a variety of purposes. 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Food-grade sodium phosphate is categorized by the FDA as GRAS, which means “generally recognized as safe.” This may be because the amount of sodium phosphate added to processed food, is relatively low. While you can try to avoid eating certain meats, whole grains, nuts or other foods naturally high in the mineral, it can be a real challenge to try and track down how much you are consuming in the form of additives. They can be used to leaven baked goods, reduce acid and improve moisture retention and tenderness in processed meats. They are also used in medicine for constipation and to prepare the bowel for medical procedures. If you get a lot of phosphate in your diet, it can cause you to absorb less iron, calcium and magnesium. If you have chronic kidney disease, speak with your doctor about dietary phosphorus intake. The amounts of aluminum found in food are typically minimal and safe. This article lets you know which are safe and which… READ MORE. The answer is: It Depends! While it is now common practice for food manufacturers to label the amount of fat, calories or sodium on a product because they are required to do so, there is no such requirement for phosphorus. When you eat a lot of foods that contain phosphate additives, you could run into trouble. “Sodium Phosphate,” MedlinePlus web site; http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/meds/a609019.html, last accessed Nov. 5, 2013. She holds a master of science degree in food policy and applied nutrition and a bachelor of arts degree in international relations, both from Tufts University. It can be tricky to monitor your intake of phosphorus. J Ren Nutr. They are also used to control pH of processed foods. When you mix it with … It is believed to cause kidney damage, soft tissue calcification, and bone calcium remova l. J. Uribarri. It is a white, granular or crystalline solid, highly soluble in water. Talk to your doctor about the risks of taking sodium phosphate. Sodium phosphate is an additive contained in food and beverages, such as sodas, and is also used as a means of purging the large intestine before a colonoscopy 2 3. It’s definitely important to have some phosphate in your diet. When used in pickled products, it prevents cancer-causing chemicals called nitrosamines from forming. However, you should consult with a medical professional prior to using a TSP enema.” If it helps anyone, if you research how foods are manufactured, there are ingredients that are added that are safe in various amounts to help with the manufacturing process. Even chicken, for example, this is a food that has been deemed “safe” for dialysis patients to eat, may contain phosphates if the chicken is from a fast food restaurant. It inhibits the oxidation of food, which helps keep the food fresh. The compound plays a role in key biochemical processes such as metabolism, creating genetic material, strengthening teeth and bones, and regulating the acid-base balance in the body. Phosphates, including Trisodium Phosphate, Disodium Phosphate, and plain old Sodium Phosphate, are all very difficult for the body to digest. A research team recently discovered that kidney disease patients could significantly lower their phosphorus levels once they knew how to stay away from foods containing phosphorus additives. People with chronic kidney disease (CKD) typically have to restrict and monitor their intake of phosphorus. One cup (140 grams) of roasted chicken or turkey contains … There could be sodium phosphate in your drink and pyrophosphate in your cheese. 2011 21(4):303 - 308. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Trisodium phosphate (TSP) is the inorganic compound with the chemical formula Na 3 PO 4.It is a white, granular or crystalline solid, highly soluble in water, producing an alkaline solution. Long answer Trisodium phosphate is a non-toxic white salt that has many different applications. High blood phosphate levels might cause adverse effects, especially in people with chronic kidney disease. Based in Massachusetts, Jessica Bruso has been writing since 2008. What Is the Main Function of Phosphorus in the Body? When it … The Harmful Food Additive You Must Watch Out for! You could have more side effects. 2009 4(8):1290 - 1292. You will need to talk about the benefits and risks of using this medicine (sodium phosphates tablets) while you … Trisodium phosphate (TSP), also referred to as trisodium orthophosphate or sodium phosphate, is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula Na3PO4. Sources: TSP is used as a cleaning agent, builder, lubricant, food additive, stain remover, and degreaser. In concentrated form, trisodium phosphate is used in a couple of industrial processes. You add some phosphate, and you’re up to a hundred ... Extra-phosphate load from food additives in commonly eaten foods: A real and insidious danger for renal patients. Propylene Glycol. While the phosphates found naturally in foods aren't well absorbed, the inorganic forms used as additives are better absorbed and can increase phosphate levels enough to damage blood vessels in those with kidney disease if consumed in high amounts. What Are These Tiny Red Spots on My Skin (Petechiae)? Because of this, phosphates in food such as processed meats or baked goods can be a very real issue for those with kidney problems. A piece of metal you are 65 or older, use this (... Hearst Communications, Inc. Sign Up for the Latest health News and Tips CKD diet, whites. 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